Energy and the Environment

specializations ENERGY

Purpose and Scope

Energy presents one of the biggest challenges we face as we seek more sustainable ways to provide society with goods and services. Energy is an essential input to nearly every human activity, but extraction and utilization of energy resources have profound effects on the environment. Society's desire to access energy resources, which are distributed unevenly, raises geopolitical issues and energy security concerns. Billions continue to lack access to modern energy services relying on traditional biofuels, suffering severe adverse health effects. Costs and reliability of energy service provision are important concerns for households and businesses in all economies and are important areas for public policy and regulators. The profligate consumption of fossil fuels changes climate, pollutes ecosystems, and also impacts human health. Traditional and emerging alternative sources of energy pose their own sets of problems: hydroelectric installations alter hydrologic regimes and displace human populations; nuclear power generates hazardous wastes and can raise the risks of proliferation; and biomass-energy production can impact food security and complicate biodiversity conservation.

Addressing these challenges and understanding the ramifications of various energy alternatives requires both a systemic and multidisciplinary perspective, which can be obtained through the MEM Specialization in Energy and the Environment. Students following this specialization will gain exposure to a mix of courses in energy systems, energy industries and technologies, policy analyses, business, economics, finance, the environment, and also can take advantage of an array of interdisciplinary and qualitative social-science courses. The Energy and the Environment Specialization exists to prepare students to help lead in developing a more equitable, efficient, and cleaner energy future. Graduates of the Energy Specialization will be prepared to work in a variety of areas, including, but not limited to, private sector energy firms, energy consultancies and renewable energy start-ups, energy service companies, international financial institutions and development agencies, government agencies, and environmental think-tanks.

Specialization Coordinator: Ken Gillingham


Two required courses.
F&ES 800Energy Economics and Policy Analysis
F&ES 814Energy Systems Analysis


Students must take at least one course from each of the following three bins:

Energy Policy and Governance

F&ES 798EChina's Energy and Environmental Sustainability Challenge
F&ES 816Electric Utilities: an Industry in Transition
F&ES 824Environmental Law and Policy
F&ES 840Climate Change Policy and Perspectives
ECON 452 Contemporary Issues in Energy Policy

Energy Technologies and Industries

F&ES 716Renewable Energy
F&ES 773Air Pollution Control (APC)
F&ES 884Industrial Ecology
G&G 274a Fossil Fuels and Energy Transitions
CHEM 505a Alternative Energy
ENAS 609 Nanotechnology for Energy
EENG 406b /
ENAS 806b
Photovoltaic Energy

Quantitative Methods for Energy Analysis

F&ES 635Renewable Energy Project Finance
F&ES 638Carbon Footprints, Modeling and Analysis
F&ES 753Regression Modeling of Ecological and Environmental Data
F&ES 758Multivariate Data Analysis in the Environmental Sciences
ECON 331 Economics of Energy and Climate Change
ECON 412 International Environmental Economics
ECON 545 Microeconomics (IDE)
ECON 558 Statistics and Econometrics (IDE)
ECON 132 Econometrics and Data Analysis II
ECON 550/551 Econometrics
MGT 842 Financing Green Technologies

Additional Elective

Energy Analysis students are required to take one additional course. Students are encouraged to choose this course to develop an expertise in a particular area of study pertaining to energy and the environment. This course can be drawn either from the list above or from the following other energy-related courses at Yale:

Energy and Society

F&ES (New) Building Energy and Environment Systems for a Changing World
ANTH 438 Culture, Power, Oil 2
HIST 180J /
EVST 443
Energy in American History

Energy, Climate, and Health

F&ES 703Climate and Society
F&ES 855Climate Change Mitigation in Urban Areas
F&ES 898The Environment and Human Health


F&ES 812Energy's Impact on Freshwater Resources
F&ES 885Green Engineering and Sustainability
F&ES 894Green Building: Issues and Perspectives
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